Cancer patients who exercise regularly while undergoing treatment appear to be more physically active years after their treatment ends. In addition, in cancer patients who participated in an exercise program during therapy, there was a tendency toward less fatigue over both the short and long term, according to new findings. Offering exercise during cancer treatment is recommended and has beneficial short- and long-term health effects. Cancer-related fatigue is one of the most distressing side effect of treatment and it can persist for many years after treatment.
Combined hormone therapy was once thought to offer benefits to all women entering menopause. The results of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) questioned this practice. The risk for coronary heart disease, stroke, pulmonary embolism, dementia, gallbladder disease, and urinary incontinence was increased while benefits were seen with vasomotor symptoms, bone loss, fractures, and diabetes. Besides assessing morbidity, it is just as important to assess mortality. A recent study showed that hormone therapy was not associated with an increased risk for all-cause, cardiovascular disease, or cancer-related mortality. This finding does not change the current recommendation to use individualized hormone therapy to manage vasomotor and genitourinary symptoms as well as to prevent bone loss in women under 60 years who are within 10 years of onset of menopause. The reassuring mortality data, however, could be used to convince women who would benefit from HT but hesitate due to fear of adverse effects.
An educational campaign that highlights obesity as a leading cause of cancer has been launched by a leading cancer charity in the United Kingdom. Experts have welcomed it, but others have criticized it for "fat-shaming." The campaign follows data showing that more than one in six people do not know that obesity is a leading cause of cancer. Being overweight is the UK's biggest preventable cause of cancer after smoking, but most people don't know about this substantial risk. The charity warns that millennials are due to become the most overweight generation since current records began.